On this page, we mention a form of ownership represented by the SABC. The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC (SOC) Limited is a Schedule 2 entity (major public entity) within the meaning of the Public Financial Administration Act No. 1 of 1999, as amended. It was established in 1936 by an Act of Parliament that replaced the former State-controlled African Broadcasting Corporation. After its establishment in 1936, the SABC established services in the country`s official languages, English and Afrikaans, with the Afrikaans Service established in 1937.  Broadcasts in languages such as Zulu, Xhosa, Sesotho and Tswana followed in 1940.  At the station`s launch event, SABC`s coo at the time used this event to complain that pay-TV platforms such as DStv are paid by MultiChoice for SABC 1-3 and how the SABC is run by a ”blind person”. He also took to the stage to denounce those who have their ”lack of knowledge” about the agreement that the public broadcaster has for the channel alongside SABC News.  The SABC has been criticized for banning images of demonstrations and demonstrations in the run-up to the 2016 local elections.  In July 2016, eight SABC journalists challenged the broadcaster`s decision to censor news and were fired from the organization.
  A subsequent hearing before the Labour Court found that the dismissals were unlawful and ordered the reinstatement of four of SABC`s full-time employees.  Meanwhile, the eight journalists, including Suna Venter, were subjected to a series of death threats and other forms of intimidation.  In 2015, SABC partnered with online TV platform Tuluntulu to launch two more channels, SABC Education and SABC Children. The SABC`s government ties were also examined when Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe was interviewed live by Zikalala, a former ANC political commissioner, in April 2005.  The interview was perceived by the public as ”critical questions” and as avoiding difficult questions about Mugabe`s radical land reform policies and human rights violations. The SABC Symphony Orchestra has its origins in its three studio ensembles in Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town and the Johannesburg City Council City Orchestra. When the SABC centralized its broadcast in Johannesburg, the future of the three ensembles was questionable, but at the same time, the Johannesburg City Council City Orchestra had been dissolved.  The SABC was able to form an orchestra of 80 musicians from these groups in 1954, and while its main base was at Johannesburg City Hall, it toured the country.
The orchestra was conducted for many years by sabC`s music director, Anton Hartman, but also had other conductors such as Francesco Mander and Edgar Cree.  There were also international composers such as Igor Stravinsky.  The SABC Junior Orchestra was also founded and began in February 1966 under the direction of Walter Mony.  In 1996, the SABC reorganized its three television channels with the aim of making them more representative of different cultural groups.  These new channels were called SABC 1, SABC 2 and SABC 3. The SABC also took over the Bop television channel from the former Bantustan of Bophuthatswana.  The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is both a Crown corporation and a public broadcaster, said Communications Minister Faith Muthambi. At a press conference ahead of Parliament`s budget vote on Wednesday, Muthambi denied ever saying that the Companies Act prevailed over the Broadcasting Act when it comes to SABC governance issues. I never said that.
What I said is that if the Broadcasting Act does not solve a problem, the Corporation Act applies. I didn`t say one would replace the other,” Muthambi said. The minister was attacked for ”interfering” in the functions of the SABC`s board of directors, which reportedly directly led to the dismissal of at least three board members, raising new concerns about the worsening government crisis within the ailing public broadcaster. The removal of the board members and the resignation of three others, including disgraced former president Zandile Tshabalala, mean the board, which originally had 12 members. SABC Encore was closed at the end of May, apparently the MultiChoice and SABC agreement for the channel ended in 2018, giving the channel a 2-year window open. The SABC said it would explore the idea of continuing the channel via another platform. pmg.org.za/files/docs/090624sabcmandate.pdf On May 4, 2020, in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak, SABC launched its educational channel SABC Education via DVB-T and YouTube, and more platforms will soon be added.  In 1986, the SABC organized a competition to promote South African music. Each of the 15 radio stations, represented by an artist, submitted a song to compete for the song for South Africa at the National Song Festival. .